Regulation of the gig economy – an overview of international experience

Published: June 7, 2021
ReportAuthor: Georgia Fair Labor Platform

With the advancement of technology and the widespread use of the Internet, the so-called gig economy is growing, both in Georgia and abroad.

The dominant players in Georgia’s gig economy include Glovo, Uber, Wolt, as well as a range of applications that provide personal services. In the face of job shortages, the seemingly flexible schedules and freedom offered by these employers look attractive to many.

But there are downsides. Gig workers’ status as independent contractors leaves them without many of the legal protections afforded to employees, despite gig companies exercising a great deal of control over working conditions. This is why a number of courts around the world have recognized that, given the control and discipline mechanisms available to the platform companies, there is in fact a disguised employment relationship.

This report provides an overview of how various countries have approached the question of gig economy regulation and gig workers’ rights. It analyzes the political and legal instruments of gig economy regulation and describes the regulatory experience in a range of countries, some of which may be useful in shaping how Georgia approaches the issue.

Available in Georgian only.

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